Information security, often known as Infosec, is the process of protecting data against unauthorized access, disclosure, use, or destruction. The data or information might be physical, electronic, tangible, or immaterial. In a security incident, information security experts mitigate the damage. Threats can take several forms, such as a server failure, physical theft, or a hacker attempting to steal data. Because everything has gone online, from grocery shopping to corporations working from home, cyber risks are more prevalent than ever.
Types Of Information Security
Because information security is such a broad topic, let us first discuss its numerous subtypes and offer an in-depth explanation of what they are, the tools necessary, and the areas that require protection.
Application security strategies are set in place to safeguard the apps and API. This is generally used to find bugs or other vulnerabilities in a company’s apps. The majority of it is built on specialized tools for application shielding, scanning, and testing. Once the vulnerabilities are discovered, they may be fixed before the programme is released.
Infrastructure security methods are used to secure networks, servers, mobile devices, consumer devices, and data centers. The rising connection and usage raise the risk if necessary safeguards are not taken. If one component of your infrastructure fails, the rest suffers as well. As a result, it is recommended to reduce dependability without harming intercommunications.
Cloud security performs the same functions as application and infrastructure security. However, it is primarily utilized for cloud-connected information and data. This entails implementing additional safeguards and techniques to focus on Internet-related vulnerabilities, such as public clouds. Collaboration between you and your cloud providers is another facet of cloud security. Because you will be hosting on their cloud platform, you will have restricted access to manage the environment completely; consequently, cloud security policies implement safeguards to mitigate vendor vulnerabilities.
Cryptography secures data by disguising its contents via a method known as encryption. When information is encrypted, only those with the key have access. However, when a user decrypts the data, it is left vulnerable to theft or change. Security teams mostly employ cloud encryption methods and advanced encryption standards to encrypt data.
Incident response is a collection of tools and methods for detecting, investigating, and responding to threats and vulnerabilities. It eliminates or diminishes the negative effect of assaults, natural disasters, human mistakes, or system breakdowns. The incident response plan, which describes the roles and responsibilities for reacting to damages & threats, is regularly used.
Vulnerability management aims to reduce hazards in an application or system. This approach aims to detect and repair vulnerabilities before they are exposed. The lower the number of vulnerabilities in your system, the more secure it is. Finding vulnerabilities depends heavily on automated testing, auditing, and scanning.
Disaster recovery techniques safeguard an organization from loss and damage caused by ransomware, natural disasters, or single points of failure. They usually deal with retrieving lost information or data to be restored and used again.
Alarming Cyber Security Stats During The Pandemic
Cybercrime went up by 600% during the pandemic, which is very concerning. Online scams also spiked by 400% in March 2020 alone. Google even revealed that it was blocking more than 18 million malware and phishing emails related to covid-19 every day. According to a report created by Accenture, a cyber-attack in malware can cost an organization up to 2.6 million dollars. The number of breaches in 2021 has surpassed that of 2020. Gartner, Inc, an advisory firm, forecasted that the worldwide cybersecurity market would reach 170.4 billion dollars in 2022.
But why are we discussing these stats? How are they useful? Oh, they most definitely are! Statistics like these are vital in helping us understand the cybersecurity industry, threats and the risks involved or caused. The next time you get a phishing email, remember that 95% of security breaches are caused by human error and if escalated, it can lead to a loss of millions of dollars.