A vulnerability assessment is a thorough analysis of the vulnerabilities discovered in an organization’s security environment. The vulnerabilities are first identified, evaluated, and then assigned severity levels. There are two methods for conducting a vulnerability assessment, one manual and the other automated. Vulnerability testing and assessment assist a company in discovering existing vulnerabilities before they are exploited. Vulnerability assessment tools are used to find and analyze security infrastructure vulnerabilities. Web application scanners, protocol scanners, and network scanners are a few examples.
Types of Vulnerability Assessments
Host Assessment – This vulnerability assessment looks for vulnerabilities that arise at the system level and tests them with specialised tools and software. Since this evaluation takes longer to complete, it is only performed on critical systems.
Network Assessment – This type of assessment involves preventing unauthorised third-party access to private and public networks. It begins with locating systems on a network and then analysing them for potential vulnerabilities.
Database Assessment – Database assessments are the process of assessing large databases for vulnerabilities. This software assesses the risk level, develops attack scenarios, and categorises sensitive and critical data all through the security architecture.
Application Scans – This assessment involves using the web and mobile application crawlers to identify possible vulnerabilities. All the applications should be updated, and outdated themes, plugins, and versions should be avoided as they are more prone to attacks
Stages of Vulnerability Assessments
Vulnerability Identification – This is the initial stage of a vulnerability assessment, which involves making a list of all vulnerabilities found after automating or manually testing the servers, apps, and systems. This will assist you in identifying and comprehending the security infrastructure’s flaws.
Vulnerability Analysis – The main goal of this stage is to determine the source and cause of all of the vulnerabilities discovered in the previous step. This will give a clear route and assist us in understanding why the problem arose in the first place and how to address it.
Risk Assessment – The third step in the vulnerability assessment process is to assign a risk level and categorise vulnerabilities based on their severity. This might vary depending on various factors such as the systems and data that have been compromised, the intensity of the attack, the potential damage, and so on.
Remediation – This is the final stage of the assessment, and it involves deciding whether we require remediation or mitigation. Remediation refers to thoroughly addressing a vulnerability, whereas mitigation refers to lowering the risk of an attack. This stage is all about correcting or eliminating the discovered weaknesses.
Vulnerability Assessment at ZinnoX
Vulnerability assessments need to be performed regularly by cybersecurity professionals to avoid risks and weaknesses. But how do you find the right company? This is where we step in! ZinnoX is an award-winning organization based in Bangalore that employs India’s leading testers and has a complete solution for your security needs. We offer VAPT testing and are proud to term ourselves the first-ever solution that provides a 100% VAPT report customisation. Book a demo with ZinnoX to learn how we can benefit your organisation and why we are recognised as one of the leading startups in Bangalore!