ZinnoX Cybersecurity

Blog Details

Posted on: May 9th 2022

5 Common InfoSec Risks & Technologies

Our previous blog discussed information security, its various types and how the Covid-19 had impacted to give an overview about cybersecurity. So, today we will dig a little deeper and understand the risks and technologies used in the cybersecurity industry. Information security risk mainly refers to the damage caused by attacks against a company’s IT system. It does sound similar to what threat means, but there is a slight difference. Risks are a conceptual term, whereas threats refer to one danger coming underway. The constant battle between white-hat hackers and black-hat hackers is neverending. As soon as one threat or vulnerability is fixed, another one slowly creeps up into the system. Hence, comes a need for certain technologies set up to protect organisations there is, from cyber attacks. So, in this blog, we’ll be discussing the common types of risks and the technologies used to ensure the flow of operations remain smooth.

5 Types of Information Security Risks


Malware is one of the most common types of security threats, and it’s been there since the internet has been found. It is an unwanted part of the programming that installs itself on a system, leading to unusual behaviour. A solution involved installing an anti-malware program that recognises suspicious links, files, or websites. 

Password Thefts

Now and then, we need to change our passwords to avoid unwanted third parties trying to access our accounts through brute force programs. If you work for a large MNC, you will be asked to set up two-factor authentication and complicated login details to prevent such thefts.

Phishing Attacks

Phishing attacks date back to many years ago, and chances are you have gotten such emails and texts in the past. Have you ever noticed an email that sounded too good to be true or messages that congratulate you for winning prizes that you never even took part in? Those are called phishing messages, and sometimes they even appear legitimate enticing the user to click on them and giving away sensitive data. 

SQL Injections

SQL attacks result in unauthorized access to sensitive data that includes passwords, card details, or any such personal user information. It is a vulnerability that allows malicious third parties to view data not meant to be seen or retrieved. 

Denial-Of-Service Attack

A denial of service attempts to block users from accessing a website’s information or data. This happens mainly due to the attackers flooding the website with traffic. It is usually carried out by a computer and an internet connection, allowing the intruder to access sensitive data or the user’s credentials.

5 Types of Information Security Technologies

Data Loss Prevention

Data loss prevention is defined as the technology primarily focused on validating whether the data sent from an organisation is sensitive enough to impact the business. The data is sent through emails, constantly monitoring them to ensure that confidential information is not being shared with outsiders. 

Intrusion Detection System

An intrusion Detection System (IDS) is defined as the technology that monitors all the visitors and traffic entering the organisation to ensure they are safe and not malicious. It raises an alert if it finds something malicious in the traffic, ensuring no third parties are getting inside the organisation. 

Intrusion Prevention System

The Intrusion Prevention System is responsible for taking action against malicious traffic when informed by the IDS. This system ensures all the traffic entering the system is complying with all the policies set up by the organisation, so it doesn’t interfere with the systems.


We have all heard the term firewall at least once in our lives; it is the first layer of protection in a system that guards the traffic at a computer’s entry point. Network and web application firewalls are used to monitor, filter and protect the internal network from malicious traffic. 

Security Incident & Event Management

Also known as SIEM, it is primarily focused on invoking the alert once something unusual is found on the network while keeping track of the logs generated. It can also be considered a central system with other tools integrated into it. All the integrated tools work in their capacities to protect the network in their manner.


The risks associated with the internet keep increasing day after day. To ensure the organisation doesn’t fall prey to all the security mishaps, setting up efficient cybersecurity technologies is essential to protect the system. Many other tools help limit the damage, but ultimately, an organisation should ensure that the business flow is uninterrupted. 

Leave A Reply

Related Blogs

5 Essential Things Every Pen Test Report Should Contain

Understanding Infosec & It's Types

5 Essential Things Every Pen Test Report Should Contain